Re-Imagining Bail Decision Making: An analysis of Bail Practice in Karnataka & Recommendations for Reform

March 30, 2020

The study titled ‘Reimaging Bail Decision Making’ looks at bail decision making in trial courts in three districts in Karnataka – Bengaluru, Dharwad and Tumakuru. The research focuses on the courts, which are the primary site at which decisions on granting bail are made, to understand what guides the grant or non-grant of bail and what are the factors which decide whether bail is likely to be granted or not. These include the statutory basis for the offence, the nature of offence, its classification as bailable or non-bailable, the punishment prescribed and effective legal representation by lawyers.

Supreme Court Statistics Pack 2018

July 13, 2019

The Supreme Court Observer’s Statistics Pack 2018 (“Stat Pack”) is the first in an annual series that aims to collate, analyze and present a quantitative data overview of the work of the Supreme Court of India.

‘The primacy of the elected’

July 10, 2019 | Mathew Idiculla

CLPR associate Mathew Idiculla writes for the Hindu about argues that the rights of a legislative assembly of a Union Territory should be seen as an integral element of federalism and that the Supreme Court should affirm the primacy of the elected government.

Bail Decision Making in Karnataka’s Lower Criminal Courts: Why the Nature of the Offences Matters

June 6, 2019

Sudhir Krishnaswamy and Deekshitha Ganesan write for the National Law School of India Review, about the consistently high under-trial detention rate in India. Breaking down an empirical study by the Centre for Law and Policy Research, they focus on bail decision making at the pre-trail stage and the natural of the offence as a substantive legal factor. 


Oct 2019

The Legal Profession in Flux – The NLS experience: Legal education & what comes next

Venue Bangalore International Centre

Time 6:30-8:00pm

EBC has recently published a new book, An idea of a Law school – Ideas from the Law school edited by NR Madhava Menon, Murali Nellakantan, Sumeet Malik) on the NLSIU. The panel discussion will focus on ideas raised in the book.

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Jun 2019

Crime Victimisation Survey Workshop | Azim Premji University

Venue Bangalore International Centre, CA Site, No. 7, 4th Main Rd, Stage 2, Domlur, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560071

Time 10 AM to 4:45 PM

On 8th June this Saturday, Prof. Sudhir Krishnaswamy will present on the Karnataka Crime Victim Survey at Azim Premji University's workshop on the same. Organised by their Centre for Constitutional and Legal System Reform, the workshop will involve 5 sessions on victimisation, safety, lessons to learn from and strategies for the future. 

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Apr 2019

Janaagraha | Governing Cities: Reflections from South Africa and India

Venue Omidyar Network, SKAV 909, 15th floor, Richmond Circle, Bengaluru 560001

Time 4 PM to 6.30 PM

On Monday 29th April, CLPR's Sudhir Krishnaswamy and Mathew Idiculla will discuss the Greater Bengaluru Governance Bill at the Governing Cities consultation. In addition, Andrew Boraine will speak about urban governance in Cape Town. In particular, he will dicuss the Western Cape Economic Development Partnership, of whom he is the CEO. The consultation takes place at Omidyar Network.

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The Hindu

Bail protocol, standardisation needed to ease undertrial burden in prisons

June 2, 2020

The Hindu carried a story mentioning CLPR’s study, “Re-imagining bail decision making: An analysis of bail practice in Karnataka and recommendations for reform”. The study emphasizes that bail protocol needs to be standardized and the classification of offenses must be revisited for easing the burden of under-trial prisoners in India.


[Book Review] The stories of our roots

June 20, 2019

In a recent interview about their book, Harini Nagendra and Seema Mundoli speak of joined efforts with colleagues from CLPR to “change the narrative of urban ecology by looking at economic growth and development through environment protection.”

The Hindu

Multiple Solutions for a Better Bengaluru

May 18, 2019

The Hindu quotes Sudhir Krishnaswamy on retired bureaucrat V. Balasubramanian’s proposal for a separate Bengaluru Metropolitan Council at the Bengaluru Metropolitan Region level.

Live Mint

Flawed Electoral Roll Inclusion a Likely Reason for Low Voter Turnout in Bengaluru, Chennai

April 19, 2019

Live Mint quotes Sudhir Krishnaswamy in commentary on “abysmal” voter turnout. Points to constituency demarcation and flawed voter roll preparation.

‘Reimagining Bail Decision Making: An Analysis of Bail Practice in Karnataka and Recommendations for Reform’

March 30, 2020 | Deekshitha Ganesan

India’s ballooning under-trial population is a serious challenge to the effectiveness and legitimacy of the criminal justice system. The most recent, yet dated Prison Statistics released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in 2018 pegs India’s under-trial prison population at around 67 % or two-thirds of the total prison population. Academic and policy literature on prisons and under-trial detention have conventionally focused on a doctrinal analysis of provisions on bail or on the conditions of detention, relying primarily on data from prisons and police stations, compiled by the NCRB. However, the crucial point of entry of a person into the prison system at first production in the courts after arrest has received no research attention.

RTI Judgment: Confusions about Public Interest

November 29, 2019 | Jai Brunner

Last week, the Supreme Court opened up the Office of the Chief Justice of India to the Right to Information (RTI) Act, 2005. In a unanimous judgment authored by Justice Sanjiv Khanna, the Court held that the need for judicial independence does not place an absolute bar on information disclosure. Can we expect this to usher in a new era of transparency and accountability?

Forging the Union Executive: Ensuring a Representative Cabinet

July 15, 2019 | Vineeth Krishna

Mahboob Ali Baig moved an amendment proposing that the prime minister and his ministers be selected by members of parliament ‘in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote’. Baig’s amendment was rejected. The Historical Constitution and the Constituent Assembly debates reveal that the constitutional choice regarding the executive was not straightforward – it was preceded by rigorous debate and conflict over alternative systems. While India settled on Article 75, the problems of representativeness of the executive remain in 2019.

The Draft National Education Policy, 2019 : Rights and Inclusion

June 28, 2019 |

The Draft National Education Policy, 2019 (DNEP) released by the government on May 31, 2019 has been described as a much needed attempt to overhaul the prevailing education system in India.  Despite the initial uproar about the alleged imposition of Hindi in the curriculum, the policy appears to have found a good balance between retaining the old and ushering in new changes. In this post, we only respond to two crucial issues.